BY KORAY OZTOPCU
The invention of paper from China to Europe lasted for 1.000 years and today innovations in the world are happening faster and through many channels with the power of communication.
Today’s technology transfer to developing markets takes place rapidly and globalization becomes easier by increasing the knowledge and limitations of its users. Even if it seems to have blocked the recent global developments, innovations, stores, and production, logistics services are more prominent.
CONVERSION IS ACCELERATING
Electric vehicles are continuing their way with an investment of more than 500 billion dollars worldwide until 2026 in the auto industry.
The new automotive ecosystem in the industry is also enabling the vehicles into smart ones. CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared, and Electric) vehicles and mobility solutions provide different services to the slots. Electric vehicles gain popularity with more usage of technology and model forever with R&D operation.
Along with electric vehicles, battery performance increase targets, charging stations, and customer data processed by connected vehicles, in-vehicle applications, and service models, integration of finance models, payment systems, and wallet applications are also bringing a variety of patents.
Technological developments are the main driving force of the income increases of the countries and the improvements in the living standards of the people.
Between 1995 and 2014, the U.S., Japan, Germany, France, and the UK (G5) implemented three-quarters of all patented innovations worldwide, while China and Korea were among the top five in many sectors.
In 1995 the United States, Europe, and Japan dominated global patent citations, while China and Korea increasingly used the global stock of knowledge measured by patent citations.
GLOBALIZATION SPEEDS UP TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
Globalization enables countries to access technological information more easily, creates new companies in developing countries, and increases international competition. On the other hand, the increasing intensity of information communication strengthens the distribution of R&D, and innovation – foreign technologies and strengthens the incentives for adoption. It corresponds to about 40 percent of labor productivity and productivity growth. An important factor behind building innovation capacity in emerging market economies is the increased involvement of multinational companies in global supply chains.
THE FIRST PATENT WAS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR
The first patent in the world was received by Florentine architect Filippo Brunelleschi in 1421 for the crane system he developed to transport marble and for the automotive industry. The Benz Patent-Motorwagen (“patented motor car”) was made by Carl Benz in 1886.
THE THIRD SECTOR WITH THE MOST PATENTS: AUTOMOTIVE
Automotive is currently considered the third most active industry in patents, after the telecommunications and computer industries. Automotive companies apply for thousands of patents for technologies developed each year.
Asia has recently become a center in the field of automotive R&D and patents. The number of patents announced in China’s automotive sector in 2022 increased by 12.94% and reached 362,200. One of the major automotive manufacturers in Japan receives an average of 31,650 applications per year. It is stated that this figure is twice the size of another major automotive manufacturer in Korea.
The interactive infographic below represents the number of self-driving vehicle patent applications per region and country for the period 2009-2018. As seen here, Europe is the world leader in patents for autonomous vehicles, which is more than 33% of all patent applications.
With the new ecosystem transformation and R&D studies that started with electric vehicles in the automotive sector, patent applications will increase and will lead to the development of technology transfer between countries.
The automotive ecosystem enables the formation of a new service model and customer loyalty with the demands and expectations of consumers, while at the same time enabling the formation of new financial technologies and financing methods.